ROMANOV FAMILY: DECLARATION OF WAR

ROMANOV FAMILY: DECLARATION OF WAR
Tsar Nicholas II on the balcony of the Winter Palace on 20 July, 1914. The declaration of the First World War.
Tsar Nicholas II on the balcony of the Winter Palace on 20 July, 1914. The declaration of the First World War.

From the 1914 diary of Nicholas II: 19th July. Saturday. In the morning heard the usual reports. After breakfast summoned Nikolasha and told him of his appointment as supreme commander until my arrival in the army. Rode to Diveyevo monastery with Alix. Took a walk with the children. At 6 1/2 went to vsenoshnaya. Upon return from there we learned that Germany had declared war on us. Dinner with: Olga A, Dimitri and Ioann. In the evening the English Ambassador Buchanan arrived with a telegram from Georgie. Wrote a response together with him for a long time. Then saw Nikolasha and Fredericks again. Had tea at 12 1/4. Read more ROMANOV FAMILY: DECLARATION OF WAR

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ROMANOV FAMILY: BATTLE OF BORODINO ANNIVERSARY

The Romanov family at Battle of Borodino anniversary celebrations
Click on photo to enlarge. The Romanov family and the imperial suite arriving in Moscow for the anniversary celebrations of 1912. Tsar Nicholas II and Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna followed by their daughters Grand Duchesses Olga, Tatiana, Maria and Anastasia, and other members of the suite. All are walking down the train platform after arriving at Borodino station. On the right is Count Vladimir Borisovich Fredericks, Minister of the imperial court, who was very close to Nicholas II.

 

The Battle of Borodino occurred on 7 September, 1812 just outside of Moscow city gates. It is considered to be the bloodiest of all Napoleonic war battles. The French won it technically, but were not able to enter the ancient Russian capital city nor to destroy General Kutuzov’s army.

As part of 100th anniversary celebrations in 1912, the Romanov family arrived in Moscow. Emperor Nicholas II and his daughters visited the exhibition at the Museum of the Year 1812, in the halls of the Imperial History Museum. In late afternoon they headed to the Chistoprudny Boulevard to see the panorama of the Borodino battle. After a detailed review of the panorama, Nicholas II and the imperial party visited the Kremlin. Read more ROMANOV FAMILY: BATTLE OF BORODINO ANNIVERSARY

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ROMANOV FAMILY: THIS DAY IN HISTORY – 5 SEPTEMBER, 1915

 

Tsar Nicholas II inspects the troops
Tsar Nicholas II inspects the troops

5 SEPTEMBER, 1915 – EMPEROR NICHOLAS II ASSUMED COMMAND OF THE RUSSIAN ARMY

Tsar Nicholas II arrived in Mogilev at the Imperial Headquarters.  His command to the army and navy from that day read:  

“On this date I assumed leadership of all land and sea armed forces located in the theater of military operations. With a firm faith in God’s grace and with unwavering confidence in ultimate victory we will fulfill our sacred duty to protect the Motherland to the end and not shame the Russian Nation. Nicholas. “ Read more ROMANOV FAMILY: THIS DAY IN HISTORY – 5 SEPTEMBER, 1915

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ALEXEI ROMANOV: CHRISTENING OF THE HEIR

August 24, 2015.

Romanov Dynasty Heir Alexei Romanov
Romanov Dynasty Heir Alexei Romanov

Exactly 111 years ago, on 24 August, 1904, the Romanov Dynasty Heir Alexei Romanov, who was born earlier that summer, was christened in the Russian Orthodox tradition. Below are some of the photographs from this event.

Tsarevich Alexei had a number of godparents, including Kaiser Wilhelm.  His principal godmother was his grandmother Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna and principal godfather was Grand Duke Alexei Alexandrovich. Read more ALEXEI ROMANOV: CHRISTENING OF THE HEIR

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ROMANOV DYNASTY: A BRIEF HISTORY

Romanov Dynasty coat of arms
Romanov Dynasty coat of arms

ROMANOV DYNASTY: A BRIEF HISTORY

The Romanov Dynasty also known as “The House of Romanov” was the second imperial dynasty (after the Rurik dynasty) to rule Russia. The Romanov family reigned from 1613 until the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II on March 15, 1917, as a result of the Russian Revolution.

The direct male line of the Romanov family came to an end when Empress Elizabeth died in 1762. The House of Holstein-Gottorp, a branch of the House of Oldenburg, ascended the throne in 1762 with Peter III, a grandson of Peter the Great. Hence, all Russian monarchs from the mid-18th century to the Russian Revolution descended from that branch.  In early 1917 the extended Romanov family had 65 members, 18 of whom were killed by the Bolsheviks. The remaining 47 members escaped abroad. Read more ROMANOV DYNASTY: A BRIEF HISTORY

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THE TWO RUSSIAN REVOLUTIONS

The Two Russian Revolutions

There were two Russian revolutions that actually occurred in 1917. The first one, referred to as “The February Revolution” (also known as the February bourgeois-democratic revolution) – initiated the events in Petrograd, which resulted in the abdication of Emperor Nicholas II. These events span from the end of February to early March of 1917 (according to the Julian calendar then used in Russia).

The abdication document signed by Tsar Nicholas II
The abdication document signed by Tsar Nicholas II

The February revolution began as a spontaneous impulse of the masses, based on strong dissatisfaction with the liberal-bourgeois circles and with the (perceived) autocratic politics of the Tsar. Bread riots, anti-war rallies, demonstrations, and strikes superimposed on this discontent and contributed to the unrest of the revolutionary masses. On February 27, 1917 (March 12 on the Gregorian calendar), a major general strike grew into an armed uprising; the troops sided with the rebels, and took over the most important points of the city – the government buildings. Under these circumstances, the tsarist government was unable to come to a quick and decisive action which may have saved the Romanov dynasty rule. Read more THE TWO RUSSIAN REVOLUTIONS

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